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Huge Island of Madagascar
  
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Roger Warin




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PostPosted: Feb 09, 2018 04:49    Post subject: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Hi,
I did not find on this forum a topic dedicated to Madagascar. Have I searched badly?
It seems to me that this huge island needs to be illustrated by some pictures.

I am now proposing an aquamarine.



003-Aigue-marine-4910_R.jpg
 Mineral: Beryl (variety aquamarine)
 Locality:
Manakana, Vohambohitra pegmatite, Tsaratanàna District, Betsiboka Region, Mahajanga (Majunga) Province, Madagascar
 Dimensions: 7.3 cm
 Description:
 Viewed:  3351 Time(s)

003-Aigue-marine-4910_R.jpg


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Bob Harman




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PostPosted: Feb 09, 2018 09:06    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

I'll add this to ROGER's Madagascar thread. The island of Madagascar is indeed a mineral rich area. One of its more famous minerals is CELESTINE from the remote coastal site of Sakoany. Discovered here in 1967, in a coastal sandy-marly matrix, pits are hand dug. At low tide and at depths of several meters into the coastal marls, these geodes are encountered. The geodes range from several cm in size to more than 30 cm in size. Many contain hi quality collectible crystals of 2 basic habits. One celestine crystal habit is the blocky one as shown in my 2 examples. More recently mined are the spear point or pig-tooth habit crystals. Recently, it seems, that production of these examples has decreased.

My larger example was acquired at the 2003 Tucson show. It is 29 cm x 19 cm and weighs about 20 kg. Of most note is the extremely rare occurrence of a 9.5 cm doubly terminated celestine crystal. Just behind this area is a perpendicular 4+ cm gemmy crystal of celestine. This whole area has been suggested to be culled from the rest of the specimen, but I have resisted. Don't ask about $$$ value, but it is more than considerable. BOB



fullsizeoutput_27cb.jpeg
 Mineral: celestine
 Locality:
Sakoany deposit, Katsepy Commune, Mitsinjo District, Boeny Region, Mahajanga (Majunga) Province, Madagascar
 Dimensions: 9 cm
 Description:
blocky crystal habit
 Viewed:  3225 Time(s)

fullsizeoutput_27cb.jpeg



fullsizeoutput_27cc.jpeg
 Mineral: celestine
 Locality:
Sakoany deposit, Katsepy Commune, Mitsinjo District, Boeny Region, Mahajanga (Majunga) Province, Madagascar
 Dimensions: 29 cm x 19 cm; weight about 20 kg
 Description:
Note the doubly terminated crystal at the lower center
 Viewed:  3226 Time(s)

fullsizeoutput_27cc.jpeg



fullsizeoutput_27ce.jpeg
 Mineral: celestine
 Locality:
Sakoany deposit, Katsepy Commune, Mitsinjo District, Boeny Region, Mahajanga (Majunga) Province, Madagascar
 Dimensions: 9.5 cm doubly terminated crystal with perpendicular 4+ cm gemmy crystal directly behind
 Description:
 Viewed:  3223 Time(s)

fullsizeoutput_27ce.jpeg


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Roger Warin




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PostPosted: Feb 09, 2018 16:32    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Another one from Madagascar.


004-Celestite_Madagascar-4515_R.jpg
 Locality:
Sakoany deposit, Katsepy Commune, Mitsinjo District, Boeny Region, Mahajanga (Majunga) Province, Madagascar
 Description:
7 cm
 Viewed:  3111 Time(s)

004-Celestite_Madagascar-4515_R.jpg


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Roger Warin




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PostPosted: Feb 10, 2018 16:19    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Hi,
Some specimens of corundum from the Zazafotsy deposit in the south of the Madagascar island.
More specifically, Bevoaroy, near Ambatrazo, Fianantsoa Province.
The corundum has the crystalline symmetry of calcite. The pure corundum (aluminum oxide) is white. The presence of metal impurities brings the color (Cr, Fe, TI, V ...), giving sapphires and rubies, not often gems.



005-Corindon-Zazafotsy#3_R.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum
 Locality:
Zazafotsy Quarry, Zazafotsy Commune, Fianarantsoa, Ihosy District, Horombe Region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar
 Description:
It's not repaired
 Viewed:  2970 Time(s)

005-Corindon-Zazafotsy#3_R.jpg



006-Corindon-Zazafotsy#4_R.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum
 Locality:
Zazafotsy Quarry, Zazafotsy Commune, Fianarantsoa, Ihosy District, Horombe Region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar
 Dimensions: 4 cm (crystal)
 Description:
 Viewed:  2975 Time(s)

006-Corindon-Zazafotsy#4_R.jpg


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Roger Warin




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PostPosted: Feb 10, 2018 16:29    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Two colors in the same crystal.
At first, there was chrome. When this cation was exhausted there was a change of color.



007-Corindon#1_R.jpg.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum (bicolor)
 Locality:
Zazafotsy Quarry, Zazafotsy Commune, Fianarantsoa, Ihosy District, Horombe Region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar
 Description:
 Viewed:  2967 Time(s)

007-Corindon#1_R.jpg.jpg



008-Corindon#2b_R.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum (variety ruby)
 Locality:
Zazafotsy Quarry, Zazafotsy Commune, Fianarantsoa, Ihosy District, Horombe Region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar
 Description:
 Viewed:  2972 Time(s)

008-Corindon#2b_R.jpg


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Roger Warin




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PostPosted: Feb 11, 2018 03:17    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

If Al3+ is replaced by Cr3+, corundum turns red.
The amount of Cr3+ intensifies the color. When it is weak, the ruby is pink. The more Cr3+ there is, the more the ruby is red. For a concentration of 1 to 2% (weight), the red becomes deep and takes a tip of blue color. This is the ruby called "pigeon blood" (typical from Kashmir).
The presence of Fe3+ disturbs these definitions. If the ratio Fe2O3 / Cr2O3 is greater than 1, the corundum takes the name of sapphire. We can thus have red sapphires that are not rubies.
When Iron and Titanium are present, sapphires turn blue. Vanadium and magnesium can also be involved. In fact other electronic mechanisms can also occur giving sapphires of all colors, even red (charge transfers).
The Padparadscha sapphire has a very special red hue. This is sometimes enhanced by heating.

The photo shows a rather rare specimen of a corundum hexagonal dipyramid ending in a ruby gemstone, with several modifying facets. The sketch gives indices of the faces.



010-Corindon-rubis-1.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum (variety ruby) - sketch
 Description:
 Viewed:  2682 Time(s)

010-Corindon-rubis-1.jpg



009-A-Rubis-f2_R.jpg
 Mineral: Corundum (variety ruby)
 Locality:
Ambohimandrosoa, Antanifotsy District, Vakinankaratra Region, Antananarivo Province, Madagascar
 Description:
 Viewed:  2697 Time(s)

009-A-Rubis-f2_R.jpg


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Gagat Minerals




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PostPosted: Feb 11, 2018 04:07    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Roger Warin wrote:
The photo shows a rather rare specimen of a corundum scalenohedron

- I see hexagonal dipyramid, a small deja vu

http://www.mineral-forum.com/message-board/viewtopic.php?t=2894&sid=afedf34dfef7fd1ecb1a9391d9d21e09
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PostPosted: Feb 11, 2018 08:21    Post subject: Re: Huge Island of Madagascar  

Yes that’s correct. Excuse my big distraction.
___________________________________________

Fixed. Thanks Gagat Minerals!
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