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PostPosted: Nov 02, 2018 14:59    Post subject: Thulium – Thoroughly Enthralling  

Thulium – Thoroughly Enthralling

Below are a few photos of a 500 gram portion of one of my rare earth elements – Thulium. The FedEx man delivered the portion yesterday, and I was thrilled. To complete the collection of rare earth metals I only need 1 Kg of Europium!

I have also included a few photos of the Thulium crystals. When my supplier arranged the shipment I asked them to include a few dendritic crystals of the metal.

High purity rare earth metals, such as thulium, are prepared by vacuum reduction-distillation of thulium oxide with lanthanum metal. Distillation under vacuum is the process that creates the beautiful crystals of this very rare earth element.

Enjoy!



THULIUM METAL (99.99%) 500 grams.jpg
 Description:
Thulium Metal - the rarest of the rare earth metals
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM METAL (99.99%) 500 grams.jpg



THULIUM INGOT 1.jpg
 Description:
Picture of one of the ingots
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM INGOT 1.jpg



THULIUM INGOT 2.jpg
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM INGOT 2.jpg



COA.jpg
 Description:
COA - Name of supplier removed by request
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

COA.jpg



THULIUM 1.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM 1.jpg



THULIUM 2.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM 2.jpg



THULIUM 3.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM 3.jpg



THULIUM 4.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM 4.jpg



THULIUM 6.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  757 Time(s)

THULIUM 6.jpg



THULIUM 7.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  756 Time(s)

THULIUM 7.jpg



THULIUM 8.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  757 Time(s)

THULIUM 8.jpg



THULIUM 9.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  757 Time(s)

THULIUM 9.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 02, 2018 15:26    Post subject: The ingot series - A new periodic table  

Ingot series

Now that the main periodic table of the chemical elements made from real elements is behind me, I must look at other avenues in which to indulge my creative and artistic interests.

Thus I would like to start a new display format – the Ingot Series. I plan to start with the low melting elements that can be conveniently cast in my graphite moulds, which have a capacity of 100ml. Thus elements like Copper, Silver, Zinc, Cadmium, Aluminium, Indium, Tin, Lead, Antimony, Bismuth, Sulphur, Selenium and Tellurium will make great candidates. On the top surface of the polished ingot I would engrave the name of the element, its physical properties and a little history of the element – neat I think.

I could then mount each ingot on a stained and polished wooden stand to make each element displayed of museum quality. I would make the stands to greatly reduce costs.



INGOT MOLD - 100 ml.jpg
 Description:
The graphite mold is 125 mm x 60 mm x 40 ml and will hold 100 ml of molten metal. Ex-China very cheap (<$15USD).
 Viewed:  753 Time(s)

INGOT MOLD - 100  ml.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 02, 2018 17:07    Post subject: Vanadinite on Barite  

Vanadinite on Barite

Below are a few photos of another of my Moroccan Vanadinite specimens. The specimen is covered with oodles of crystals of Vanadinite ranging in size from sub-millimeter to about 17 mm in width. The colour of the individual Vanadinite crystals varies from yellow to deep red.

I have also included a few photos taken under the microscope.

Enjoy!!



VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 1N.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 140 mm x 140 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  731 Time(s)

VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 1N.jpg



VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 2N.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 140 mm x 140 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 2N.jpg



VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 3N.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 140 mm x 140 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 3N.jpg



VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 4 - REAR.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 140 mm x 140 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  732 Time(s)

VANADINITE MIBLADEN LARGE 4 - REAR.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  731 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  730 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg



VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg
 Mineral: Vanadinite on Barite
 Locality:
Mibladen (Mibladen mining district), Midelt, Midelt Province, Drâa-Tafilalet Region, Morocco
 Dimensions: Field of view about 2 mm
 Description:
Crystal positioned under the microscope to enhance striations ??
 Viewed:  731 Time(s)

VANADINITE UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 02:31    Post subject: Atacamite  

Mt Gunson Atacamite

Below are a few photos of one of my Mt Gunson Atacamite specimens. The specimen is a solid mass of Atacamite hosting bladed crystals of dark green translucent Atacamite.

I have also included a few taken under the microscopic emphasizing crystal morphology and some surface features of the specimen.



MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 70 mm x 35 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  686 Time(s)

MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 1.jpg



MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 70 mm x 35 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 2.jpg



MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 70 mm x 35 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON ATACAMITE 3.jpg



MT GUNSON 1.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  686 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 1.JPG



MT GUNSON 2.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 2.JPG



MT GUNSON 3.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 3.JPG



MT GUNSON 4.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 4.jpg



MT GUNSON 5.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 5.JPG



MT GUNSON 6.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 6.JPG



MT GUNSON 7.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  686 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 7.JPG



MT GUNSON 8.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 8.JPG



MT GUNSON 9.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 9.JPG



MT GUNSON 10.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 10.JPG



MT GUNSON 11.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 11.JPG



MT GUNSON 12.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 12.JPG



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 02:38    Post subject: Atacamite - Again!!  

More photos under the microscope.


MT GUNSON 13.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 13.JPG



MT GUNSON 14.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  685 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 14.JPG



MT GUNSON 15.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 15.jpg



MT GUNSON 16.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 16.JPG



MT GUNSON 17.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 17.JPG



MT GUNSON 18.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 18.JPG



MT GUNSON 19.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 19.JPG



MT GUNSON 20.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  684 Time(s)

MT GUNSON 20.JPG



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 14:28    Post subject: Becoming a master collector and helping others  

Becoming a master collector and helping others

I love minerals – aesthetically and scientifically.

But let us face an inescapable reality – your collection will often reflect your budget – though sometimes you can get fine minerals at a bargain thanks to a good friend in the mineral business. You might also be a first-rate field collector. But in my, as is the case for most collectors;

I did not find the ore body that hosted my minerals.
I did not sink the shaft that intersected the ore-body.
I did not extract the minerals from the ore-body.
I did not trim, repair or prepare my minerals for display.

My contribution lay entirely in having the money or the contacts to get what was available for sale.

Element collecting, my style of element collecting, is entirely different to mineral collecting, especially when you want to create things that have never been made before. I first start element collecting as a young lad in the late 50’s.

It required some knowledge of chemistry and physics. It required some skill in glass blowing, and manipulating hot glass. It required handling molten metals or semi-metals. It required the use of liquid nitrogen and vacuum line techniques. It required an artistic flair and much patience. It required many other things to.

Above all it required a willingness to work – and get your hands dirty.

I genuinely enjoy helping novice element collectors, and I have given away many elements to those who I felt were deserving of help.

However I have no commercial interest in selling elements or making element displays. I will help others who want to create their own displays. Here the operative word is creating!



Charles R. Hammond - Element Collecting Chapion.jpg
 Description:
Popular Science magazine, June 1963, pp 83-84.
 Viewed:  612 Time(s)

Charles R. Hammond - Element Collecting Chapion.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 15:18    Post subject: Cerium – Under the lens  

Cerium – Under the lens

Below are a few photos of another of my lanthanide elements – Cerium. The piece shown weights 260 grams and it is part of my 1.1Kg ingot that I sliced into four segments.

Normally the element has a dark outer layer, and on standing in air the layer will eventually turn pale yellow forming Cerium oxide. The oxide has many applications including glass polishing.

The element is also used in the manufacture of camp fire starters and it is used in lighters – the so-called flint. I have included a photo of a Ferrocerium rod (big lighter Flint) 150 mm long with an OD of 10 mm.

When the element is prepared for display I will remove the oxide layer, and polish the metal in an argon atmosphere. This will guarantee that the metal will look bright and very beautiful for centuries.



CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - SHINY SIDE.jpg
 Description:
 Viewed:  600 Time(s)

CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - SHINY SIDE.jpg



CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - OXIDIZED SIDE.jpg
 Description:
 Viewed:  600 Time(s)

CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - OXIDIZED SIDE.jpg



CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - CYLINDER SIDE.jpg
 Description:
 Viewed:  600 Time(s)

CERIUM 99.99% 260 g - CYLINDER SIDE.jpg



Ferrocerium rod CAMPING FIRE STARTER.jpg
 Description:
 Viewed:  600 Time(s)

Ferrocerium rod CAMPING FIRE STARTER.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 18:01    Post subject: Schalenblende – A Polish Classic  

Schalenblende – A Polish Classic

Below is a photo of another of my decorator pieces that I have in my collection. It is a polished slice of "Schalenblende" consisting of layers of Sphalerite, Barite and others minerals.

I have taken a few photographs under the microscope showing the beautiful bands of minerals, which resemble the rings surrounding the planet Saturn.

Under magnification the polishing marks become apparent so I might ‘lap’ the piece using 3000-grit cerium oxide polishing powder to make them disappear.



SCHALENBLENDE - POLISH CLASSIC.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: 180 mm x 130 mm x 10 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  570 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE - POLISH CLASSIC.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  570 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 1.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 2.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 3.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 4.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 5.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 5.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 6.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 6.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 7.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  569 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 7.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 8.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  568 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 8.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 9.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  568 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 9.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 10.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  568 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 10.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 11 - UNPOLISHED SIDE.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  568 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 11 - UNPOLISHED SIDE.jpg



SCHALENBLENDE 12 - UNPOLISHED SIDE.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite (variety schalenblende)
 Locality:
Pomorzany Mine, Olkusz, Olkusz District, Małopolskie, Poland
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  568 Time(s)

SCHALENBLENDE 12 - UNPOLISHED SIDE.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 03, 2018 22:12    Post subject: Argon – lights the way – how it’s done!  

Argon – lights the way – how it’s done!

Below are two photos of a borosilicate glass tube (70 mm long, 12 mm ID) containing a small quantity of argon gas (99.995% 35 Torr).

To get the plasma discharge just right in terms of colour you need to experiment a little with gas pressure and excitation voltage. The tube shown was excited with a 3000V AC (16 kHz) source.

If you have a discarded flatbed scanner the small circuit that energizes the scanner’s long fluorescent glass tube should work too. It produces HV at low current.

The actual colour of the plasma discharge is very dependent on the gas pressure. Thus it is easy to get both oxygen and argon displaying the same discharge colour. To adjust the colour you connect the discharge tube to a vacuum line, vary the internal gas pressure and monitor the discharge colour. When it is to your liking you then seal the tube with an oxygen/propane burner.

You can also make discharge tubes for some of the other elements too. Place a small crystal of iodine, sulphur or sodium in a borosilicate glass tube, evacuate the tube to about 0.0001Torr, seal the tube and energize. You can create some beautiful light displays with most elements, not only the gases.

In a latter post I will show some photos of my vacuum pumps and home-made vacuum line.

Enjoy!!!!



ARGON (99.995%) IN THE LIGHT 1.jpg
 Description:
Argon - 99.995% - 35 Torr.
 Viewed:  544 Time(s)

ARGON (99.995%) IN THE LIGHT 1.jpg



ARGON (99.995%) IN THE DARK 1.jpg
 Description:
Argon - 99.995% - 35 Torr
 Viewed:  544 Time(s)

ARGON (99.995%) IN THE DARK 1.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 01:49    Post subject: Iodine Crystals in Iodine vapour - Stunning  

Iodine Crystals at 0.001 Torr

Below are a few pictures of some Iodine crystals that have grown in my Iodine discharge tube. The tube is 70 mm long with an OD of 8 mm.

These crystals are absolutely beautiful possessing complex morphology and striated faces. They have grown in an atmosphere of Iodine vapour, which accounts for the colour seen in the photographs.

Absolutely stunning!

Enjoy!



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 1.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  524 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 1.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 2.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  524 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 2.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 3.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  525 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 3.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 4.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  525 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 4.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 5.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  524 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 5.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 6.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  524 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 6.jpg



IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 7.jpg
 Dimensions: Field of view about 4 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  525 Time(s)

IODINE 99.9% 0.001 Torr 7.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 15:09    Post subject: Malachite – another day, another dollar!!  

Malachite – another day, another dollar!!

Below are a few photos of another of my Malachite specimens from the Belgium Congo, now DRC or Zaire! It is consists of oodles of deep-green botryoids of Malachite, some showing a chatoyant luster. The photo showing the back of the specimen is an interesting one, highlighting the role host rock played in the formation of the piece.

I have also included a few photographs taken under the microscope.

Enjoy!



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 80 mm x 70 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  444 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 1.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 80 mm x 70 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 2.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 80 mm x 70 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 3.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 4 - REAR.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 80 mm x 70 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE 4 - REAR.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  444 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  444 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg



MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 7.jpg
 Mineral: Malachite
 Locality:
Mashamba West Mine, Kolwezi District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Congo DR (Zaire)
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  443 Time(s)

MASHAMBA WEST MALACHITE UNDER THE SCOPE 7.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 17:27    Post subject: More Atacamite  

More Atacamite

Below are a few photos of another of my Mt Gunson Atacamite specimens. As I recall I picked this up at a crystal healing store some 20 years ago for $1.50. The lady who sold me it, was convinced it was Malachite, and was happy to sell it. I knew immediately what it was and from where it originated.

I have included a few photos taken under the microscope. Beautiful bladed crystals!

Enjoy!!!



GUNSON ATACAMITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 50 mm x 20 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

GUNSON ATACAMITE 1.jpg



GUNSON ATACAMITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 50 mm x 20 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

GUNSON ATACAMITE 2.jpg



GUNSON ATACAMITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 50 mm x 20 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

GUNSON ATACAMITE 3.jpg



GUNSON ATACAMITE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 50 mm x 20 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

GUNSON ATACAMITE 4.jpg



ataca 1.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 1.JPG



ataca 2.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 2.jpg



ataca 3.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 3.JPG



ataca 4.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 4.JPG



ataca 5.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 5.jpg



ataca 6.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 6.JPG



ataca 7.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 7.JPG



ataca 8.JPG
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 8.JPG



ataca 9.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 9.jpg



ataca 10.jpg
 Mineral: Atacamite
 Locality:
Cattle Grid deposit (Mount Gunson), Mount Gunson Copper mines, Pernatty Lagoon, Stuart Shelf, South Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  425 Time(s)

ataca 10.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 18:46    Post subject: Gabin’ over Gaspeite  

Gabin’ over Gaspeite

Below are a few photos of one of my specimens of the rare nickel carbonate mineral known as Gaspeite. The specimen shown is a large lump with a little matrix.

I have taken a few under the microscope to emphasize surface texture and matrix. Sadly, no visible crystals!



GASPEITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 60 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  416 Time(s)

GASPEITE 1.jpg



GASPEITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 60 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  415 Time(s)

GASPEITE 2.jpg



GASPEITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 60 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  415 Time(s)

GASPEITE 3.jpg



GASPEITE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: 70 mm x 60 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  415 Time(s)

GASPEITE 4.jpg



GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  416 Time(s)

GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg



GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  415 Time(s)

GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg



GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Gaspeite
 Locality:
Kambalda Nickel mines, Kambalda, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  415 Time(s)

GASPEITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 20:21    Post subject: Covellite  

Covellite

Below are a few photos of a Covellite specimen given to me by a vendor in Arizona. He knew I had a fondness for sulphides and thought I would enjoy receiving a rare copper sulphide.

I have also included a few photos taken under the microscope.

Enjoy!!



COVELLITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: 50 mm x 40 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE 1.jpg



COVELLITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: 50 mm x 40 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE 2.jpg



COVELLITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: 50 mm x 40 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE 3.jpg



COVELLITE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: 50 mm x 40 mm x 30 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE 4.jpg



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 1.jpg



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 2.JPG
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 2.JPG



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 3.JPG
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 3.JPG



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 4.JPG
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 4.JPG



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 5.JPG
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 5.JPG



COVELLITE UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg
 Mineral: Covellite with Pyrite
 Locality:
Leonard Mine, Butte, Butte District, Silver Bow County, Montana, USA
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  409 Time(s)

COVELLITE UNDER  THE SCOPE 6.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 04, 2018 22:13    Post subject: Getting a good vacuum!!  

Getting a good vacuum!!

Hard pumping or in the vernacular of the home lab, ‘getting a good vacuum’, can only be achieved with a good pump.

The photo below shows what is commonly called a “roughing pump” and with it you can achieve a vacuum of the order of about 0.001 Torr, which is fine for most things. To achieve an even higher vacuum you can employ a cold trap; a Dewar filled with liquid nitrogen. To achieve a very high vacuum of the order of 0.000001 Torr or less you will need either a Turbo molecular pump or an oil diffusion pump in line with a roughing pump. When I have finished fixing my Turbomolecular pump I will upload a few photos.

Do not use a vacuum cleaner; at best you will achieve about 100 Torr, which is useless for most work in the home lab, though they do help clean up the mess.

Avoid buying these roughing pumps from local suppliers – they get all their stuff from China, and then put a 500% to 1000% mark-up. If you buy from China direct you will save lots of money!

Enjoy!!

If you would like to get some good deals just send me a PM!!!!!!!!



ROUGHING PUMP 1.jpg
 Description:
A Roughing Pump - a 'must have' for the home science lab!!!
 Viewed:  404 Time(s)

ROUGHING PUMP 1.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 05, 2018 10:14    Post subject: Re: Collection of Machines, Metals and Minerals  

Interesting, not sure why you need them or the purpose of? I have two used medical vacuum pumps for removing fluids from the lungs into a jar. I do not know how much they are rated at or if useful to me. One was for my father-in-law and given to me. In the 1970's for auto air conditioners to evacuate the system before putting in Freon we had what looked like a pancake home refrigerator compressor. Probably way too much pull for your use.
Again, I did read your other posts mentioning this. Bob
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PostPosted: Nov 05, 2018 14:05    Post subject: Re: Collection of Machines, Metals and Minerals  

R Saunders wrote:
Interesting, not sure why you need them or the purpose of? I have two used medical vacuum pumps for removing fluids from the lungs into a jar. I do not know how much they are rated at or if useful to me. One was for my father-in-law and given to me. In the 1970's for auto air conditioners to evacuate the system before putting in Freon we had what looked like a pancake home refrigerator compressor. Probably way too much pull for your use.
Again, I did read your other posts mentioning this. Bob


Hello Bob:

I have a need to degas viscous liquids, and it is next to impossible unless I can achieve a vacuum of at least 0.01 Torr. I tried a few other pumps but found them to be totally inadequate. I could only get the results I wanted with the roughing pump.

I have three roughing pumps; the other two are identical to the one shown in the photo. I purchased them online from a site in Hong Kong for about $90USD per pump with the shipping cost included. The same pumps, but sporting a different label, are sold locally for $250 - $400USD plus shipping.

To measure the vacuum I use a Pirani gauge, also purchased online.

I am in the process of constructing a ‘glove box’ so I can manipulate some of the lanthanides under argon. Before sealing them under argon I need to remove all surface oxidation, and in this application the roughing pump will be crucial. This will be especially critical for Europium.

These roughing pumps are used in the refrigeration and air conditioning industry for the repair of vacuum systems.

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PostPosted: Nov 05, 2018 17:06    Post subject: Ruby Jack from China  

Ruby Jack from China

Below are a few photos of one of my Chinese Sphalerite specimens. These Sphalerites are absolutely stunning and many display a beautiful translucent red colour even without backlighting. The largest crystal group is about 50 mm long.

I have also included a few close-up photographs a few taken under the microscope.

Enjoy!!



CHINESE SPHALERITE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 100 mm x 50 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE 1.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 100 mm x 50 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE 2.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 140 mm x 100 mm x 50 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE 3.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 1.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 40 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 1.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 2.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 40 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 2.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 3.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 60 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - Up Close 3.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 1.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 2.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 3.jpg



CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Sphalerite
 Locality:
Kangjianwan Mine, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning, Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  257 Time(s)

CHINESE SPHALERITE - UNDER THE MICROSCOPE 4.jpg



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PostPosted: Nov 05, 2018 17:14    Post subject: Time for a Rant – Just a little one  

Time for a Rant – Just a little one

I noted that the title of my post regarding vacuum pumps had been changed to the title that appeared in the main text of my post.

I hope the original title did not offend any women, and here I am referring to those who are gravitationally challenged and who sport multi-coloured hairdos.

Freedom of speech is something of great importance to me, see the Quote below.

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― George Orwell
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PostPosted: Nov 05, 2018 19:26    Post subject: Chalcopyrite with Quartz  

Chalcopyrite with Quartz

Below are some photos of another of my many mineral specimens from China. It is Chalcopyrite with Quartz. It was a gift from one of my Chinese vendors. The specimen also hosts a few Pyrite crystals and what might be Sphalerite, but these are only minor components.

Enjoy!!



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 1A.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 45 mm x 45 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 1A.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 2A.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 45 mm x 45 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 2A.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 3A.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 45 mm x 45 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 3A.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 4A.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: 90 mm x 45 mm x 45 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ 4A.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  234 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 1.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 2.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 3.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 4.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 5.jpg



CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ - UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg
 Mineral: Chalcopyrite with Quartz
 Locality:
Yaogangxian Mine, Yizhang, Chenzhou Prefecture, Hunan Province, China
 Dimensions: Field of view about 3 mm
 Description:
 Viewed:  233 Time(s)

CHINESE CHALCOPYRITE WITH QUARTZ  - UNDER THE SCOPE 6.jpg



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― George Orwell
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